But the results of not getting help in time can be far more serious. In some systems, these effects are facilitatory, and in others inhibitory. For example, a BAC of 0.05 means that the person’s blood is 0.05% alcohol. Its authors explain that people may judge the severity of their intoxication based on how drunk people around them are, which distorts their perceptions in environments where most people are drunk. Moreover, you shouldn’t use NyQuil as a sleep aid or for long-term treatment of symptoms. If you take more than the recommended dose, you may experience withdrawal symptoms.

Given the dangers of a high blood alcohol level, recognizing the stages of intoxication beyond being legally drunk is essential. In truth, the physical consequences of .08% BAC are only the beginning of the danger zone. The stages of intoxication are reflective of a teen’s blood alcohol concentration. Blood alcohol concentration, or BAC, refers to the percentage of alcohol (ethyl alcohol or ethanol) in an individual’s bloodstream. For example, a BAC of .10% means that an individual’s blood supply contains one part of alcohol for every 1000 parts of blood. Nationwide, a person is considered legally intoxicated if they have a BAC of .08% or higher and a blood alcohol test that comes up with a .08% BAC or higher can be used as legal evidence.

The Effects of Alcohol

A doctor diagnoses alcohol intoxication with a blood alcohol check. Someone at this stage of intoxication may need emergency assistance for survival. Without medical intervention, the individual could die due to respiratory arrest, asphyxiation, or seizures. During the excitement stage, you may begin to experience https://ecosoberhouse.com/article/stages-of-alcohol-intoxication-alcohol-toxicity-treatment/ an increasing loss of judgment, emotional instability, and a delay in reaction time. Learning about BAC, standard drinks, and the effects of heavy drinking helps you understand the stages of drunkenness and how you can avoid them. “There is no designated ‘safe’ level of drinking,” says Dr. Donald.

Mentally, individuals may not know where they are and may become highly emotional whether meaning affectionate or aggressive. Physical signs of alcohol impairment include indifference to pain and dizziness and staggering along with the symptoms from the previous excitement stage of intoxication. https://ecosoberhouse.com/ Those in the confusion stage can experience “Blacking out” meaning that they may lose memory of the chain of events that took place while intoxicated. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), in the U.S., 86% of people aged 18 and older consume alcohol.

Alcohol Seller-Server Training (On-Premises)

However, some people experience slight impairments in judgment and reaction time. Scaling these risky BAC thresholds is not as difficult as some might think. Because it takes time for alcohol to have an effect on the body, consuming the large amounts required to reach these BAC levels can occur while the person is still reasonably sober. It’s important to know the seven stages of intoxication to understand the seriousness of heavy alcohol use and the devastating consequences that may result.

  • Those in the euphoria stage may also have a flushed appearance.
  • Some people may be at risk of alcohol overdose after just a few drinks, especially if they are young, small, or do not often drink.
  • Typically, men require more alcohol to achieve the same BAC as women.
  • Over time, excessive drinking can lead to mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety.
  • Some people might believe it is possible to quicken the sobering process with strategies such as drinking coffee and taking cold showers.
  • The person may not be able to stand up, may stagger when walking, and will likely be extremely confused about what’s going on.